This post describes under which scenario you may not see X- Forwarded-for public IP in your Varnish / Apache logs and How to resolve the same.
If you have a website doing Country detection based on IP address then it may stop working if correct IP address is not available.
By default Varnish will remove several headers, this does not affect unless you have specific scenario.
I came across an issue where varnish was not sending Intermediary proxy IP or Public IP in a particular case.
- Some Hotel / Company has squid proxy configured and all traffic for Internet is routed via Squid.
- User accessing my website first hits the Load Balancer then Varnish & then Apache
- Apache is configured with mod_geoip. The code on my site does the Country redirection based on the IP address
- User (Behind that squid proxy) accessing my website follows this path :
Load Balancer -> VARNISH -> Apache
Here apache gets only Internal IP (LAN IP of user) & Load Balancer Internal IP as X-forwarded-for and Hence the IP based redirection FAILS!
Credit goes to Mithrandir @ Varnish IRC Channel, Thanks!
Below mentioned changes were required to resolve the issue.
- At the start of the default.vcl add :
- Below “if (req.http.x-forwarded-for)” add :
- Do varnish configtest & reload. This should start showing the Public IP.
- Below is the explanation from the documentation of vmod_std :
Collapses the header, joining the headers into one.
std.collect(req.http.cookie); This will collapse several Cookie:
headers into one, long cookie header.
This post describes how you can limit the bandwidth usage during data transfer using lftp (File transfer program)
For those who don’t know what lftp is, You can check it out over here : http://lftp.yar.ru/lftp-man.html
For any data transfer between local servers (physically located at same location), one should make a practice to check with Network team whether both the server are connected to same switch or they are connected to two different switches. If they are connected between two different switches then make sure to rate limit the data transfer throughput during ftp. This is to ensure that bandwidth is not choked during data transfer and other Server/Applications do not suffer due to data transfer
Mostly every office has 1Gig network, If data transfer is done between servers connected to two different switches with uplink of 1G without bandwidth throttling then you may endup using entire bandwidth available resulting network issues and packet loss for other servers and applications.
To avoid this issue you should throttle bandwidth usage during data transfer. For Eg. You can throttle bandwidth usage to 40 Megabytes/Sec. To apply this limit using lftp follow below mentioned steps.
# vim /etc/lftp.conf
Append a line as below :
set net:limit-total-rate 41943040:0
- This will limit the data transfer to 40 Megabytes/Sec. Of-course this has to be done before the transfer starts.
- As you notice 41943040:0 . The value before “:” is for download. i.e., GET (Mirror in lftp) for pulling data from other server. If you have to push the data i.e., PUT (Mirror -R in lftp) then change it to 0:41943040
- If transfer is happening between two servers connected to same switch then no need to rate limit the transfer.
Caution : Simultaneous ftp transfer on same servers should not be done. If you wanna do it anyways then adjust the above mentioned limits accordingly to distribute the load between two connections.